RTU Research Information System
Latviešu English

Publikācija: The Critical Raw Materials in Cutting Tools for Machining Applications: A Review

Publication Type Scientific article indexed in SCOPUS or WOS database
Funding for basic activity Research project
Defending: ,
Publication language English (en)
Title in original language The Critical Raw Materials in Cutting Tools for Machining Applications: A Review
Field of research 2. Engineering and technology
Sub-field of research 2.3 Mechanical engineering
Research platform Materials, Processes, and Technologies
RTU scientific equipment used for research
  • Pin-on-Disk Tribometer
Authors Antonella Rizzo
Saurav Goel
Maria Luisa Grilli
Roberto Iglesias
Lucyna Jaworska
Vjačeslavs Lapkovskis
Pavel Novak
Bogdan O. Postolnyi
Daniele Valerini
Keywords critical raw materials; cutting tools; new materials; new machining methods; modelling and simulation
Abstract A variety of cutting tool materials are used for the contact mode mechanical machining of components under extreme conditions of stress, temperature and/or corrosion, including operations such as drilling, milling turning and so on. These demanding conditions impose a seriously high strain rate (an order of magnitude higher than forming), and this limits the useful life of cutting tools, especially single-point cutting tools. Tungsten carbide is the most popularly used cutting tool material, and unfortunately its main ingredients of W and Co are at high risk in terms of material supply and are listed among critical raw materials (CRMs) for EU, for which sustainable use should be addressed. This paper highlights the evolution and the trend of use of CRMs) in cutting tools for mechanical machining through a timely review. The focus of this review and its motivation was driven by the four following themes: (i) the discussion of newly emerging hybrid machining processes offering performance enhancements and longevity in terms of tool life (laser and cryogenic incorporation); (ii) the developent and synthesis of new CRM substitutes to minimise the use of tungsten; (iii) the improvement of the recycling of worn tools; and (iv) the accelerated use of modelling and simulation to design long-lasting tools in the Industry-4.0 framework, circular economy and cyber secure manufacturing. It may be noted that the scope of this paper is not to represent a completely exhaustive document concerning cutting tools for mechanical processing, but to raise awareness and pave the way for innovative thinking on the use of critical materials in mechanical processing tools with the aim of developing smart, timely control strategies and mitigation measures to suppress the use of CRMs.
DOI: 10.3390/ma13061377
Hyperlink: https://www.mdpi.com/1996-1944/13/6/1377 
Reference Rizzo, A., Goel, S., Grilli, M., Iglesias, R., Jaworska, L., Lapkovskis, V., Novak, P., Postolnyi, B., Valerini, D. The Critical Raw Materials in Cutting Tools for Machining Applications: A Review. Materials, 2020, Vol. 13, No. 1377, pp.1-49. Available from: doi:10.3390/ma13061377
Additional information Citation count:
ID 30816